This article is about the city. For Nagpur, see Nagpur (disambiguation).
|Nickname(s): The Orange city, Tiger Capital Of India|
Location of Nagpur in Maharashtra, India
|Coordinates: 21°09′N79°05′E / 21.15°N 79.09°E / 21.15; 79.09Coordinates: 21°09′N79°05′E / 21.15°N 79.09°E / 21.15; 79.09|
|Founded by||Gond King Bakht Buland Shah|
|• Body||Nagpur Municipal Corporation|
Nagpur Improvement Trust
|• MP||Nitin Gadkari (BJP)|
|• Mayor||Nanda Jichkar (BJP)|
|• Collector||Sachin Kurve (IAS)|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Ashwin Mudgal (IAS)|
|• Police Commissioner||Dr. K. Venkatesham (IPS)|
|• Metropolis||227.36 sq.km km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,780 km2 (1,460 sq mi)|
|Elevation||310 m (1,020 ft)|
|• Rank||India: 13th|
Maharashtra : 3rd
|• Metro||3,602,341 (approx)|
|• Metro rank||13th|
|Demonym(s)||Nagpurkar, Nagpurian, Nagpurite|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Pin code(s)||440 001 – 440 037|
|Vehicle registration||MH31 (Nagpur West)|
MH49 (Nagpur East)
MH40 (Nagpur Rural)
Nagpur is the winter capital, a sprawling metropolis, and the third-largest city of the Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune. Nagpur is the 13th largest Indian city in terms of population. It has been proposed as one of the Smart Cities in Maharashtra.
Nagpur is the seat of the annual winter session of the Maharashtra state assembly. It is a major commercial and political centre of the Vidarbharegion of Maharashtra. In addition, the city derives political importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement. Nagpur is also known for Deekshabhoomi, the largest hollow stupa among all the Buddhist stupas in the world.
According to a survey by ABP News-Ipsos, Nagpur has been identified as the best city in India topping in livability, greenery, public transport, and health care indices. The city has been adjudged the 20th cleanest city in India and the top mover in the western zone as per Swachh Sarvekshan 2016.
It is famous for Nagpur oranges and is sometimes known as the Orange City for being a major trade center of oranges cultivated in the region. The city was founded in 1703 by the Gonds King Bakht Buland Shah of Deogarh and later became a part of the Maratha Empire under the royal Bhonsale dynasty. The British East India Company took over Nagpur in the 19th century and made it the capital of the Central Provinces and Berar. After the first reorganisation of states, the city lost its status as the capital. Following the informal Nagpur Pact between political leaders, it was made the second capital of Maharashtra.
Main article: History of Nagpur
Also see: Nagpur state
One of the earlier names of Nagpur was "Fanindrapura". It derives its origin from the 'Fana' or hood of a cobra. In fact, Nagpur's first newspaper was named 'Fanindramani', which means a jewel that is believed to be suspended over a cobra's hood. It is this jewel that lights up the darkness, hence the name of the newspaper. The river Nag flows through the city. B. R. Ambedkar claimed that both the city and the river are named after "Nag people". The word "pur" means "city" in many Indian languages. During British rule, the name of the city was spelt and pronounced as "Nagpore".
Early and medieval history
In the 18th century, this city was created by leader of Gond Dynasty named Bakht Buland Shah in the first half of the century. Human existence around present-day Nagpur can be traced back 3000 years to the 8th century BCE. Mehir burial sites at the Drugdhamna (near the Mhada colony) indicate that the megalithic culture existed around Nagpur and is still followed. The first reference to the name "Nagpur" is found in a 10th-century copper-plate inscription discovered at Devali in the neighbouring Wardha district. The inscription is a record of grant of a village situated in the visaya (district) of Nagpura-Nandivardhana during the time of the Rastrakuta king Krsna III in the Saka year 862 (940 CE). Towards the end of the 3rd century, King Vindhyasakti is known to have ruled the Nagpur region. In the 4th century, the Vakataka Dynasty ruled over the Nagpur region and surrounding areas and had good relations with the Gupta Empire. The Vakataka king Prithvisena I moved his capital to Nagardhan (ancient name Nandivardhana), 28 kilometres (17 mi) from Nagpur. After the Vakatakas, the region came under the rule of the Hindu kingdoms of the Badami Chalukyas, the Rashtrakutas, and finally the Yadavas. In 1296, Allauddin Khilji invaded the Yadava Kingdom after capturing Deogiri, after which the Tughlaq Dynasty came to power in 1317. In the 17th century, the Mughal Empire conquered the region, however during Mughal era, regional administration was carried out by the Gond kingdom of Deogarh-Nagpur in the Chhindwara district of the modern-day state of Madhya Pradesh. In the 18th, century Bhonsles of the Maratha Empire established the Nagpur Kingdom based in the city.
The next Raja (king) of Deogarh[ambiguous] was Chand Sultan, who resided principally in the country below the hills, fixing his capital at Nagpur, which he turned into a walled town. On Chand Sultan's death in 1739, Wali Shah, an illegitimate son of Bakht Buland, usurped the throne and Chand Sultan's widow invoked the aid of the Maratha leader Raghoji Bhosale of Berar in the interest of her sons Akbar Shah and Burhan Shah. The usurper was put to death and the rightful heirs placed on the throne. After 1743, a series of Maratha rulers came to power, starting with Raghoji Bhosale, who conquered the territories of Deogarh, Chanda and Chhattisgarh by 1751.
Nagpur was burnt substantially in 1765 and again partially in 1811 by marauding Pindaris. However, the development of city of Nagpur continued. In 1803 Raghoji II Bhosale joined the Peshwa against the British in the Second Anglo-Maratha War, but the British prevailed. After Raghoji II's death in 1816, his son Parsaji was deposed and murdered by Mudhoji II Bhosale. Despite the fact that he had entered into a treaty with the British in the same year, Mudhoji joined the Peshwa in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1817 against the British but suffered a defeat at Sitabuldi in present-day Nagpur city. The fierce battle was a turning point as it laid the foundations of the downfall of the Bhosales and paved the way for the British acquisition of Nagpur city. Mudhoji was deposed after a temporary restoration to the throne, after which the British placed Raghoji III Bhosale, the grandchild of Raghoji II, on the throne. During the rule of Raghoji III(which lasted till 1840), the region was administered by a British resident. In 1853, the British took control of Nagpur after Raghoji III died without leaving an heir.
From 1853 to 1861, the Nagpur Province (which consisted of the present Nagpur region, Chhindwara, and Chhattisgarh) became part of the Central Provinces and Berar and came under the administration of a commissioner under the British central government, with Nagpur as its capital. Berar was added in 1903. The advent of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIP) in 1867 spurred its development as a trade centre.Tata group started the country's first textile mill at Nagpur, formally known as Central India Spinning and Weaving Company Ltd. The company was popularly known as "Empress Mills" as it was inaugurated on 1 January 1877, the day queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.
The non-co-operation movement was launched in the Nagpur session of 1920. The city witnessed a Hindu–Muslim riot in 1923 which had profound impact on K. B. Hedgewar, who in 1925 founded the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organisation in Mohitewada Mahal, Nagpur with an idea of creating a Hindu nation. After the 1927 Nagpur riots RSS gained further popularity in Nagpur and the organisation grew nationwide.
After Indian independence
After India gained independence in 1947, Central Provinces and Berar became a province of India. In 1950, the Central Provinces and Berar was reorganised as the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh with Nagpur as its capital. When the Indian states were reorganised along the linguistic lines in 1956, Nagpur and Berar regions were transferred to the state of Bombay, which was split into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat in 1960. At a formal public ceremony held on 14 October 1956 in Nagpur, B. R. Ambedkar and his supporters converted to Buddhism, which started the Dalit Buddhist movement that is still active. In 1994, the city of Nagpur witnessed its most violent day in modern times in the form of Gowari stampede.
Nagpur completed 300 years of establishment in the year 2002. A big celebration was organised to mark the event.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Nagpur is located at the exact centre of the Indian peninsula. The city has the Zero Mile Stone locating the geographical centre of India, which was used by the British to measure all distances within the Indian subcontinent.
The city lies on the Deccan plateau of the Indian Peninsula and has a mean altitude of 310.5 meters above sea level. The underlying rock strata are covered with alluvial deposits resulting from the flood plain of the Kanhan River. In some places these give rise to granular sandy soil. In low-lying areas, which are poorly drained, the soil is alluvial clay with poor permeability characteristics. In the eastern part of the city, crystalline metamorphic rocks such as gneiss, schist and granites are found, while in the northern part yellowish sand stones and clays of the lower Gondwana formations are found. Nagpur city is dotted with natural and artificial lakes. The largest lake is Ambazari Lake. Other natural lakes include Gorewada Lake and Telangkhedi lake. Sonegaon and Gandhisagar Lakes are artificial, created by the city's historical rulers. Nag river, Pilli Nadi, and nallas form the natural drainage pattern for the city. Nagpur is known for its greenery and was adjudged the cleanest and second greenest in India after Chandigarh in 2010.
Nagpur has tropical savannah climate (Köppen climate classification) with dry conditions prevailing for most of the year. It receives about 163 mm of rainfall in June. The amount of rainfall is increased in July to 294 mm. Gradual decrease of rainfall has been observed from July to August (278 mm) and September (160 mm). The highest recorded daily rainfall was 304 mm on 14 July 1994. Summers are extremely hot, lasting from March to June, with May being the hottest month. Winter lasts from November to January, during which temperatures drop below 10 °C (50 °F). The highest recorded temperature in the city was 48 °C on 19 May 2015, while the lowest was 3.9 °C on 16 January 2016. 
|Climate data for Nagpur Airport (1971–1990)|
|Record high °C (°F)||36.6|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||20.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||12.9|
|Record low °C (°F)||3.9|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.5|
|Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||1.8||2.2||1.9||1.2||2.9||11.4||17.5||16.5||10.4||4.0||1.3||1.1||72.2|
|Average relative humidity (%)||54||43||30||24||27||55||77||80||74||61||55||56||53|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||272.0||268.3||287.6||290.8||293.8||186.6||115.4||116.7||182.5||260.4||264.1||268.8||2,807|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)|
The average number of heat wave days occurring in Nagpur in the Summer months of March, April & May is 0.5, 2.4 and 7.2 days respectively. May is the most uncomfortable and hottest month with, for example, 18 days of heat waves being experienced in 1973, 1988 and 2010. The summer season is characterised by other severe weather activity like thunderstorms, dust storms, hailstorms and squalls. Generally, hailstorms occur during March and dust storms during March and April. These occur infrequently (0.1 per day). Squalls occur more frequently with 0.3 per day in March and April rising to 0.8 per day in May. Due to the heat waves in the city the Indian Government with the help of New York-based National Resources Defense Council has launched a heat wave program from March 2016.
Second capital of Maharashtra
Nagpur was the capital of Central Provinces and Berar for 100 years. After the State Reorganisation in 1956, Nagpur and Vidarbha region become part of the new Maharashtra State. With this Nagpur lost the capital status and hence a pact was signed between leaders, the Nagpur Pact. According to the pact, Nagpur is the second capital of Maharashtra and the winter session of state legislature and the state legislative council takes place in Vidhan Bhavan, Nagpur.:671 Nagpur has a District court and its own bench of the Bombay High Court. The city consists of six Vidhan Sabha constituencies namely Nagpur West, Nagpur South, Nagpur South West, Nagpur East, Nagpur North and Nagpur Central. These constituencies are part of the Nagpur Lok Sabha constituency.
The Municipal Council for Nagpur was established in 1864. At that time, the area under the jurisdiction of the Nagpur Municipal Council was 15.5 km2 and the population was 82,000. The duties entrusted to the Nagpur Municipal Council were to maintain cleanliness and arrange for street lights and water supply with government assistance. The Municipal Corporation came into existence in March 1951. Nagpur is administered by the Nagpur Municipal Corporation (NMC), which is a democratically elected civic governing body. The Corporation elects a Mayor who along with a Deputy Mayor heads the organisation. The Mayor carries out the activities through various committees such as the Standing Committee, health and sanitation committee, education committee, water works, public works, public health and market committee. The administrative head of the Corporation is the Municipal Commissioner, an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the state government. The Municipal Commissioner along with the Deputy Municipal Commissioners, carry out various activities related to engineering, health and sanitation, taxation and its recovery. Various departments such as public relations, library, health, finance, buildings, slums, roads, street lighting, traffic, establishment, gardens, public works, local audit, legal services, water works, education, octroi and fire services manage their specific activities. The activities of NMC are administered by its zonal offices. There are 10 zonal offices in Nagpur – Laxmi Nagar, Dharampeth, Hanuman Nagar, Dhantoli, Nehru Nagar, Gandhi Baugh, Sataranjipura, Lakkadganj, Ashi Nagar and Mangalwari. These zones are divided into 145 wards. Each ward is represented by a corporator, a majority of whom are elected in local elections. NMC has various departments including healthcare, education, fire brigade etc. dedicated for each service and project of the city.Nagpur Improvement Trust (NIT) is a local planning authority which works with NMC and carries out the development of the civic infrastructure and new urban areas on its behalf. NIT is headed by a Chairman, an Indian Administrative Service Officer appointed by the state government.
Nagpur Police is headed by a Police Commissioner who is of the rank of Additional Director General of Police of Maharashtra Police. Nagpur Police is Divided into 4 Zones, each headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police. The State C.I.D Regional Headquarter and State Reserve Police Force Campus are situated in Nagpur.
Originally, all the utility services of the city were carried out by NMC departments, but from 2008 onwards privatisation had started for major utility services. The Orange City Water Private Limited (OCW), a joint venture of Veolia Water India Pvt. Ltd and Vishwaraj Infrastructure Ltd., manages the water supply for the city as well as Nagpur Municipal Corporation’s Water Treatment Plants at Gorewada, all the elevated service reservoirs, ground service reservoirs, master balancing reservoirs commonly known as Water Tanks. This joint venture was established in November 2011 and was awarded the contract to execute 24x7 water supply project and operational and maintenance of water works for 25 years. Kanak Resources Management Ltd. has been awarded the contract for garbage collection in the city as per Nagpur Bin Free Project in 2009 by NMC. It collects garbage from all the residents in the city and then delivers it to the Bhandewadi dumpyard in Nagpur's eastern part. Similarly, in electricity supply, which was first managed by MSEB was then replaced by MSEDCL. After some years the distribution franchisee system was introduced to reduce the losses in the divisions and so Spanco was awarded the distribution franchisee for 15 years to manage three of the four divisions from Nagpur Urban circle namely, Civil Lines, Mahal and Gandhibagh on 23 February 2011 by MSEDCL. To facilitate this system, Spanco Nagpur Discom Limited or SNDL Nagpur company was formed for the sole purpose of electricity distribution and maintenance in three divisions of the city. The power distribution and maintenance for the fourth division i.e. Congress Nagar division is still being managed by MSEDCL.India Post which is a governmental postal department has two head post offices and many post offices and sub-post offices at various locations in the city and are part of the logistics services in the city along with various other private operators.
See also: List of hospitals in Nagpur
NMC in collaboration with Central Government, State Government, UNICEF, World Health Organization and Non-governmental organisation conducts and maintains various health schemes in the city. City health line is an initiative started by NMC dedicated to the health of citizens of Nagpur. This includes providing computerised comparative information and action in the field to Local citizens. NMC runs three indoor patient hospitals including Indira Gandhi Rugnalaya at LAD square, Panchpaoli Maternity Hospital in Panchpaoli and Isolation Hospital in Immamwada. Besides, the civic body runs three big diagnostic centres at Mahal, Sadar and also at Indira Gandhi Rugnalaya. Apart from these, NMC has 57 out patient dispensaries (OPDs), including 23 health posts sanctioned under Union Government's schemes, 15 allopathy hospitals, 12 ayurvedic hospitals, three homoeopathy hospitals, three naturopathy hospitals and one unani hospital. In 2013, ABP News-Ipsos declared Nagpur the country's best city for health care services. The city is home to numerous hospitals, some run by the government and some private. Nagpur is a health hub for Central India & caters to a large geographical area arbitrarily bounded by Delhi in the North, Calcutta in the East, Mumbai-Pune in the West and Hyderabad in the South. People from Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana regularly come to Nagpur for their health needs. Nagpur boasts of super-specialty physicians & surgeons serving its population in both public sector government run hospitals and well equipped private hospitals catering to all strata of society. AIIMS Nagpur is the latest feather in the cap of Nagpur health care services.
According to 2005 National Family Health Survey, Nagpur has a fertility rate of 1.9 which is below the replacement level.:46,47 The infant mortality rate was 43 per 1,000 live births, and the mortality rate for children under five was 50 per 1,000 live births.:47,48 About 57% slum and 72% non-slum children have received all the mandatory vaccines which include BCG, measles and full courses of polio and DPT.:48,49 In Nagpur, 78 percent of poor children are anaemic, including 49 percent who have moderate to severe anaemia.:55 About 45% of children under 5 years of age and 31% of women are underweight.:54,55 The poor people from the city mostly cite the reason of lack of a nearby facility, poor quality of care and excessive waiting time for not visiting any government hospitals for treatment.:61
Greater Nagpur Metropolitan Area
Main articles: Greater Nagpur Metropolitan Area and List of localities in Nagpur
Nagpur is the third largest in Maharashtra in terms of population as per the 2011 census.
Since the 1990s the urban agglomeration has rapidly expanded beyond the City’s municipal boundaries. This growth has presented challenges for the future growth of the city and its fringes in an organised manner. With a view to achieve balanced development within the region, the Nagpur Improvement Trust
Nagpur my home town ,as I am Born and brought here... will always have a soft corner in my Heart, in-fact I believe everyone’s hometown has soft corner in their heart... doesn’t matter how big or small the place is and so is with me.
Nagpur has many names.... What should we call it Tiger capital, Orange city or Green city? Anyway what’s there in the name said Shakespeare!!!
But Nagpur had a total make over in this some years; it has become a beautiful city out of one’s imagination, broad and smooth roads and lot of greenery all around, and one of the most cleanest and safest City in India.
Nagpur city was founded in the early 18th century by Bhakt Buland, a Gond prince of the kingdom of Deogad in the Chhindwara district. Then passed on to Bhonsles and It became the capital of the Bhonsles with the Bhonsle dynasty. In 1853 last generation of Bhonsles died without an heir to his kingdom. As a result, the city lapsed into British control under Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse. In 1861, Nagpur became the capital of the Central Provinces. After Indian independence, Nagpur became the capital of Madhya Bharat state (C.P. and Berar). In 1960, the marathi majority Vidarbha region was merged with the new state of Maharashtra.
Nagpur City, the second capital of Maharashtra, is at the geographical centre of the country, Heart of India. Nagpur has been adjudged the second greenest city of the country. It is also famous as “Orange City” owing to the production of the succulent fruit.
Orange City is famed for its laid-back lifestyle and it always lives up to this reputation! Everyone knows everyone, and a kind of easy informality arises out of such close contacts. Our city is one of the few, which enjoys the privileges of a fast growing metropolis-in-the- making along with the pleasures of a large, well spread-out town still in an idyllic and unhurried state of mind.
As a growing city Nagpur has all types of Entertainment options like cafes, chain of restaurants, array of hotels, clubs, pubs, malls, multiplexes etc, An evening walk at Telenkedi Lake, Sunday fun at Crazy Castle water park or Fun and Food amusement park, Shopping spree at empress mall etc are some of the options to enjoy a holiday for “Nagpurians”. Very soon one of the biggest Zoo’s in India will be coming in Nagpur with international Standards, having night safari’s etc (Work is in Progress).
All things later, God comes first and Nagpur is having temples which are pretty acclaimed about, people from distance places come here to Worship, Ganesh Tekdi (near railway station), Shri Balaji Temple (Seminary Hills), Shri Ramdeobaba Temple, Sarveshwar Temple (Ram Nagar), Kashibai Temple of Bhonsle Period. Nagpur can also be said as a city of temples.
For history loving people, Nagpur has a lot to offer and there’s a lot of architectural beauty to capture in your camera like High court Building, RBI building, Vidhan Bhavan, Deeksha Bhoomi, Stabuldi Fort etc
For foodies Saoji food is speciality of Nagpur so don’t miss it if you are here, its spicy and oily but you have to try it once. Haldiram’s Sweets is icing on the cake fresh and mouth-watering don’t miss it.
For a laid back and a relaxed evening, there’s no better option than Clubs in Nagpur, but one need to be a member of the club or the affiliated clubs.
Nagpur is a perfect blend of Rural and urban civilization, old and modern thinking, it caters to everyone’s taste and preferences. But if you want to enjoy Nagpur to the fullest you need to have a localite here as it not a touristy place.
The best time to visit Nagpur is from October to February, when the weather is pleasant and conducive enough to enjoy sightseeing with the temperature during this time falling up to 10°C.During the summer season, from March to June, the climate is extremely hot, with temperature rising up to 49°C. The hot weather is not suitable to explore the place hence avoid visiting Nagpur during summer season. Although in the monsoon months between July and September Nagpur receives medium to heavy rainfall and the temperature falls significantly, outdoor activities are not possible hence avoid visiting Nagpur during monsoon months as well.
Being a Nagpurian I have a very special place for Nagpur in my heart, I have seen lot many places but never seen a place like Nagpur. If somebody even asks me to or give an idea to leave this city my heart stops pumping, it’s like my life blood and cannot stay without it.
There are many good places near Nagpur for a one day picnic like –
Pench reserve forest around 85 kms from Nagpur comes in Madhya Pradesh State, one of the most visited Reserve forest in India. The area is especially famous for large herds of Gaur (Indian Bison), Cheetal, Sambar, Nilgai, Wild Dog and Wild Pig. The key predator is the Tiger followed by Leopard, Wild Dog and Wolf. Other animals include Sloth Bear, Chousingha, Chinkara, Barking Deer, Jackal, Fox, Palm Civet, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cat, Hyena, Porcupine etc. Pench Tiger Reserve is also among the best areas for bird watching, there are over 285 species of resident and migratory birds. You can find many hotels and resorts, from Luxury to Budget, a perfect weekend getaway.
Khindsi and Ramtek, here at khindsi water sports lover can just have their time out on motor boats and motor bikes. On the other hand seeing the sun set on the lake is an unforgettable experience in itself, sitting on the bank of the Khindsi River watching the waves or people swim in, you really feel like being in your own dream world of bliss and bless.
Tadoba national park one of the most attractive spot in Chandrapur district and is situated in the heart of the reserved forest around 3 to 4 hours from Nagpur. It is an ideal resort for the visitors who want to get away from the din and bustle of the city life and the modern civilization. Animals commonly can be seen at Tadoba Park, are Tiger, panther, bison sloth bear, hyena, jackal, wild dog, blue bull, sambar, cheetah, barking deer and a variety of other animals. You can meet animals face to face while taking a stroll in the jungle and can have a one to one chat. Isn’t it sound adventures, in fact it is.
Khekranala is a dam site situated in Khapra range forest say around 2 hours from Nagpur. This area is palm green and finest natural and fascinating with a bracing climate and healthy environment round the year. The water reservoir is quite and surrounded by thick forest on two sides. A place to laze around ,enjoy the sun and just come out of your hectic schedules and killing deadlines, a blissful holiday one can be spend here.
Other places like Chikaldhara, Nagzira etc are also a great spots for a weekend getaway.
There many other places with many interesting facts, a holiday in Nagpur can be an altogether different experience you may feel that time should stop here and your Nagpur holidays should never end or not to my surprise you may think of settling down in Nagpur.
Nagpur is Nagpur nobody can beat it, do come and experience the bliss and get blessed.