Animals are a gift of nature to us. They are the ones which are closely associated with us in daily life.
Animals contribute a lot to humans lives, maybe even more than the plants.
It will be tough to image life without animals.
They serve humans for food, clothing, medicine and even for economic needs.
Below is a complete detail about how animals help humans.
But before you read, it is important to know what are animals and their types.
Importance of animals in human life:
Due to modern technology, the number of ways on how animals helps humans has increased. Their uses in 12 points.
1. Animals provide Milk: Milk is the daily essential which is obtained only from animals. Animal that are used to extract milk are the cows, buffaloes, goat, camel and donkey. Milk obtained is used as a pat of daily diet, to make tea, coffee, ice creams, chocolates, sweets and also other products like baby foods.
Milk is one of protein rich diets. It is highly recommended as it can be easily digested by people of any age group. The natural milk is good feed for babies and also adults with illness or old age people. Hence you will notice physicians recommending milk for those with sickness.
2. Animal hair: Animal hair has a great demand. The hair from goat and sheep is used for making woolen clothing, shawls and blankets. Similarly Horse hair can be used for bristles in small paint brushes. Even fur of animals including the skin is used to make warm and attractive clothing.
3. Medicine extraction: Animals are used to extract useful medicinal molecules. Though in the recent times this method is mostly replaced by biotechnology, Still there are some drugs which are especially obtained from animals. Ex. Heparin an anti-coagulant is used to control clots in blood is obtained from ox lungs and pig intestines. Even insulin was previously isolated for diabetics from buffalo and pigs pancreatic cells. Similarly, we obtain vitamin-D from shark liver oil.
4. Meat: We consumes many animal’s meat in the part of diet. Though vegetarian diet is good for health, still we consume animal meat for individual reasons. Some of the animals used for the purpose are goats, sheep, camels, buffaloes (beef), pigs (pork), rabbits, fish and many more. Even we consume eggs from birds like hen, turkey etc. These are highly nutritious and beneficial to man.
5. Leather: Animals are a great source of leather. This leather is used for making foot wear, belts, wallets bags, furniture etc. The animals used for extracting their hide for leather include buffaloes, cows, ox etc. This leather is tanned and made suitable for making the above articles after obtaining it from animal hide. Articles made of leather are stylish, attractive and also durable.
Animal researchers are also involved in discovery of further improvements in the yield of milk, meat and essentials.
6. For work and transport: Animals were widely used for transport.
Especially animals like horses, ox, he buffalo, donkeys etc. In deserts, camel is specifically used.
Now their use is limited to some parts of the world.
Washer men use the donkey to carry the clothes to the place of water for washing. Elephants are used to shift tree trunks and branches in the forests.
Similarly animals like monkeys are trained to ward of birds near airports. Dogs are used to trace objects and people by exploiting their sense of smell. Hence dogs are commonly seen with police and military personnel as part of their operations.
7. For fun and recreation: Animals are also used for fun and recreation. Like in pets for household company. Horse races using horses for fun and racing.
Similarly, pet animals like dogs can be used for helping people with chronic illness to help them carry out daily activities. They help us ward off loneliness.
In zoos and circus, wild animals are kept and exposed for fun and knowledge purposes.
8. Economic importance: Animals contribute a lot to the economy of the nation. There are a lot of industries which are animal based. Some of them include diary, horse (races), meat for food etc.
Even their abilities are improved by hybridization, biotechnology for better yield.
This modification is done for hybrid varieties of cattle for milk, flesh and even pet dogs. They are grown for the purpose of selling them at higher price. Sometimes even the semen of good variety of animals is sold. Even there are many drug companies which rely for their business through marketing and sale of animals medicines.
Importance of animals in agriculture
Agriculture is another area where animals are used in large scale. They were the sole source of cultivation till machinery equipment arrived.
9. Cultivation: In developing countries still they are used in large numbers for farming. They are specifically used for tilling the land, transport by bullock-carts by farmers.
They are also used for pumping the water from river and ponds into the farms.
10. Animal for manure: Animals are also kept for the sake of organic manure. Dung of cattle is very good for farms as it imparts rich fertility to the soil.
Even sheep and goats are grown as large herds by farmers. They are used to stop them for days in the farm during summers. The litter droppings of the sheep staying in the farm adds a lot to the soil fertility.
11. Education: Animals are quite a part of our education. In science related subjects and courses, we use animal specimens, live or even dead animals to study their body function and structure to better understand and gain knowledge. Also one can understand their own body physiology when comparing with animal physiology. Routinely we use animals like insects, amphibians, earthworms, rodents, reptiles to study.
12. For medical testing: Any new medicine discovered is taken for pre-clinical studies before testing on man. Here the animal testing is done on animal cells, tissues, organs or on whole organism. This helps them to evaluate actual effects of drugs. This way the drug toxic effects, mechanism of action, side effects, maximum tolerable dose etc are noted.
Smaller animals especially rodents like rats, mice, rabbits, guinea pigs are used for the purpose. For this there are some stringent rules to be observed by the researchers to minimize the animal suffering. Big animals are mostly prohibited for use as they induce much waste and are also ethically debated a lot. By much waste, it means use of one dog can create equal waste of using 50 rats. So now you can guess why…?
13. For drug manufacture: Animals like horses, mice are used for production of essential medicines. Horses are used to produce snake anti-venom which can rescue life of human when there is snake bite. Similarly, mice are used to produce variety of monoclonal anti-body production.
In horses, snake poison is injected into horses. The body of horse produce anti-venom which can counter the snake poison. After few days of injection, the horse blood is collected for isolation of anti-venom.
Because of the above-mentioned advantages, we humans need to strive for animal welfare.
existence has never been more obvious than it is today. In recent times, scientists and authors have begun to realise that wild animals are equally, if not more important than domesticated animals. People have always had an awareness of the consumptive economic importance of hunting or trapping wild animals, but in recent times other non-consumptive values have become popular.
Wildlife has a wide range of ecological, economic, and cultural importance in relation to the human existence.
Wildlife is the cornerstone of tourism
Nature is, and has always been, valued for its aesthetic values. In an increasingly commercialised world which can often feel cold and empty, it is important that we have something inspiring and thought provoking to turn to when we need a break. Wild animals can fill this void, whether we simply visit a park and watch the pigeons for a while, go to the zoo, or are lucky enough to experience animals in their wild habitat.
Human fascination with the beauty of wild animals drives tourism worldwide. This has the effect of boosting the economy and creating jobs where there otherwise may be none. Managed in the right way, tourism raises awareness of the need to conserve delicate ecosystems containing endangered animals. It gives people a driving force to want to help in conservation efforts, which will unquestionably lead to a better future for planet earth.
Our ancient bond to wild animals
Historically, wildlife has played a huge part in the day to day life of many cultures. As a part of religious ceremonies, community events, and community bonding, wild animals still have a huge role in many third world countries.
For example, common animals such as the kangaroo still play a huge role in the tribal rituals and beliefs of many indigenous communities in Northern Australian.
Crucial part of healthy ecosystems
Wild animal migration, distribution, and behavioural patterns can be a vital indicator into the health of an ecosystem and the deeper impacts of climate change.
Scientists can use models of animal distribution to define the best methods for the preservation of the natural environment. Animal behaviour can also be an important indicator of unprecedented events, such as earthquakes, tsunami’s, or large storms.
Historical information shows that wildlife can behave differently when they sense an imminent threat. If this knowledge could be harnessed effectively, it could save countless lives through early warning systems, allowing people to adequately prepare.
Inspiration to decrease our environmental impact
Many of the world’s environmental problems stem from a lack of knowledge. Consumers are able to purchase certain products or engage in activities without realising the damage they are causing to the earth.
When shown in a positive light, wild animals can inspire people to lead a sustainable lifestyle. They can invoke feelings of sympathy and compassion, causing people to be conscious of the damaging effects of their lifestyles.
Wild animals provide a range of services to the human existence. They can be valuable subjects for modern scientific research and play a huge role in cultures across the world. People can turn to nature for a release when the drags of the modern world become too great.
With respect to the conservation and future of our planet, animals can inspire people to change their lifestyle and rally for a brighter future. If a larger portion of the human population were to realise the importance of wild animals to their existence, they would be able to live a more fulfilling and meaningful life.